Overweight (obesity) is a pathology that is characterized by an abnormal accumulation of fat and has negative health consequences. Most often, it develops when the calorie intake is bigger than the energy demands of the body.
To find out if a person has signs of obesity, you need to calculate the body mass index (BMI). According to WHO, you need to consult an endocrinologist if the BMI exceeds 25. This condition is classified as overweight. The BMI above 30 is regarded as obesity.
In addition, there are visual signs of overweight. They are visible fat deposits in the abdomen, waist, hips, stretch marks on the skin, swelling. Patients with obesity also have such symptoms as shortness of breath, high blood pressure, palpitations, increased sweating.
Obesity also affects the reproductive system: women have menstrual disorders, men have decreased libido. Sometimes excess weight is the cause of infertility.
Many of the patients have psychoemotional disorders, which are associated with discontent with their appearance, psychological fixations.
Diagnostics of obesity can be carried out using various methods: not only on the basis of the BMI calculation but also by calculating the ideal body weight (IBW), other anthropometric methods, and also by impedanceometry of the body structure.
To get rid of excess weight, different methods are used in the medical center "ON Clinic". However, they have one thing in common: they are all aimed at eliminating the cause, which provokes weight gain. Before treating obesity, the doctor should find its exact cause: an alimentary factor, a hormonal imbalance or a genetic disorder.
Causes of obesity
If we talk about the causes of the disease in more detail, then it is necessary to distinguish three types of pathology that occur. They are alimentary-constitutional, hypothalamic and endocrine obesity. This classification helps you to understand the causes of the disease based on the prerequisites:
- Alimentary-constitutional obesity is an excessive consumption of high-calorie foods and low energy expenditure.
- Hypothalamic obesity occurs in hypothalamic dysfunction.
- Endocrine obesity develops in endocrine pathology.
It is worth noting that any type of obesity eventually leads to hypothalamic dysfunctin.
Therefore, you should understand that a correct approach and effective treatment of obesity do not imply starvation and increased physical loads; they imply a decision to treat obesity with the help of an endocrinologist.
By making an appointment with a specialist at the medical center "ON Clinic", you can count on an integrated approach to treatment of your problem. First, the doctor will assess the degree and severity of the disease and understand its causes. To do this, he will need to collect anamnesis and prescribe laboratory tests. Having determined the etiology of obesity, the doctor will prescribe an individual course of treatment.
If the patient's weight does not yet exceed critical figures, and the patient came to the clinic timely, the doctor's task will be the prevention of obesity. It consists in the correction of dietary habits, moderate physical exercise, and treatment of concomitant diseases, which are complications of overweight. They can be diseases of the cardiovascular system, endocrine pathologies, and violations of the reproductive system.
Do not delay the visit to the doctor if you have problems with excess weight. It is easier to fight any disease at an early stage and the specialists of our clinic have a lot of experience in the treatment of this pathology.