Vaccination or vaccine involves the activation of immunity similar to that caused by a microorganism. Vaccination does not guarantee that the vaccinated child does not get sick, but provides a favorable course of the disease without the risk of a serious threat to his life and health.
Does it necessary to vaccinate a child?
There are a number of diseases caused by pathogens in which the production of antibodies does not protect the child’s body. This is due to the fact that some pathogens mutate (change the protein shell) and become invisible to immunity agents (influenza virus, etc.).
The variability of some pathogenic microorganisms necessitates periodic revaccination and adherence to the schedule of necessary vaccinations recommended by the Ministry of Health. The list of major vaccinations is an anti-epidemiological measure, adopted at the legislative level.
Specialists of the children’s department of the multidisciplinary medical center “ON Clinic” will provide the exhaustive information about each of the vaccinations and will make an individual vaccination schedule, based on the characteristics of the child’s history.
What are the vaccinations for children?
Depending on the composition of the biological material, vaccines are divided into several main types:
- live, but weakened microbes (BCG, tuberculosis, oral polio vaccine, etc.);
- killed pathogens (poliomyelitis vaccine for intramuscular administration, etc.);
- recombinant, a product of genetic engineering containing fragments of a virus or toxin (hepatitis B, influenza).
When should a child be vaccinated?
According to the immunization schedule approved by the Ministry of Health, the child should be provided with the following vaccinations:
- on the first day of life against hepatitis B;
- on the day 3-5 against tuberculosis;
- at the age of 2 months: second dose for hepatitis B, against DTP (diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis), polio, and against Hib infection;
- at the age of 4 months, second doses against DTP, poliomyelitis and from Hib infection;
- at the age of 6 months the third dose against Hepatitis B, DTP, and polio;
- at the age of 12 months: the first dose against measles, mumps and rubella, the third dose against Hib infection;
- at the age of 18 months: the fourth dose of DTP and polio;
- at the age of 6 years old: second dose against measles, mumps and rubella, the fifth dose against polio;
- at the age of 14: the sixth dose against polio;
- at the age of 16: the sixth dose against DTP.
When a child cannot be vaccinated?
Contraindications for vaccination are as follows:
- weight of the newborn is less than 2 kg;
- primary immunodeficiency;
- undergoing the chemotherapy;
- convulsions, pathologies of the nervous system;
- postoperative period;
- severe anaphylactic reactions from a previous dose of the vaccine;
- acute infectious and chronic diseases in the period of exacerbation.
If a child has fever or other malaise, you should inform the pediatrician about this, to shift the vaccination schedule.
How to prepare a child for vaccination?
Before vaccination, the pediatrician examines the child, measures body temperature, and in some cases refers to urine and blood tests. Also, according to the indication of a pediatrician, children with allergies take antihistamines 3 days before vaccination.
Why is vaccination dangerous for children?
Vaccinations are absolutely safe, both from a single pathogen (polio) and complex (DPT). However, local reaction is often observed in the form of redness and induration of the skin, the body temperature may rise, and weakness or overexcitement may occur.
To appoint for a pediatrician’s consultation or vaccination in the children’s department of the Medical Center “ON Clinic”, send a request at the clinic’s website or call us at the specified telephone number.