In the case of a more deep-seated tumors there used surgical method of removal. Operations are carried out in a "clinic of one day" and tested without the expressed painful syndrome.
Services of the surgery branch
- initial examination of the surgeon, including:
- Manual examination;
- Conclusion of diagnosis;
- Development of treatment options;
- If necessary, referral for hospitalization.
- Repeated consultation of the surgeon;
- Dressing with medical agents (if needed);
- Primary surgical treatment of wounds of the skin and subcutaneous tissue with the necessary antiseptic preparations;
- Opening of boils, paronychia;
- Opening of carbuncle, felon;
- Opening of abscess;
- Excision of ingrown nail;
- Removal of the nail plate;
- Removal of a lipoma, atheroma;
- Sampling of biopsy material followed by the study;
- Procedures of the surgical department.
- Subcutaneous tumors which our doctors work with
BOIL is an inflammation of the hair follicle with involvement of the surrounding tissue. Causes of boils are skin lesions, contaminations with dust particles, hypothermia, vitamin deficiencies, anemia, etc. Boil can occur on any skin area, except the palms and soles. It is a form of inflammatory center cone with redness and swelling of the surrounding tissue.
PARONYCHIA – is an inflammatory process of a nail roller caused by pyogenic bacteria and fungal infection. Usually, the inflammation of the tissue, surrounding the nail is accompanied by a marked redness, swelling and tenderness. The disease may also begin to develop as a result of various injuries or be a symptom of a skin disease.
WHITLOW is an acute inflammation of the tissues of the finger. Usually develops in contact with pathogens of purulent infection in the finger tissue at micro-trauma (pricks, abrasions, cracks, etc.). Mostly whitlow is localized on I, II, III fingers of the right hand in persons if most active in age for labor .
CARBUNCLE – is the formation of suppurative type, which is mainly localized on the neck. Also found on the shoulder blades and buttocks. The disease is characterized by the occurrence of ulcers, which affect the hair follicles and sebaceous glands. Carbuncles occur in the singular or plural amount. Carbuncle is the most severe form, flowing with suppurating inflammation of the skin of the upper layer and subcutaneous fatty tissue. The factors that contribute to the disease include older age, violation of carbohydrate and fat metabolism at diabetes, as well as diseases that deplete the human body.
ABSCESS (blain) – is the local aggregation of pus that appears due to the acute or chronic local infection, which begins as a result of tissue damage in the focus. An abscess develops at skin or tissue inflammation beneath it after the penetration of microbes through scrapes, injections, wounds. A characteristic feature of the abscess is that the tissue adjacent to the inflammatory focus, create kind of a wall of the membrane separating the infected area and limiting purulent process, death of tissue that is a defensive reaction of the organism.
INGROWN NAIL is damage of the 1st toe, in which there is ingrowth of the internal or external edge of the nail into the nail fold. In growing edge is thickened and bent downward. Often there is an infection with development of the inflammatory process.
NECRECTOMY is dissection and removal of devitalized tissue, formed around the wound.
LIPOMA – a benign connective tissue tumor that develops in the layer of subcutaneous fat. Common name of lipoma is wen. Lipoma can form anywhere on the body where there is fatty tissue, but most often it is head, back, stomach, legs and arms. Lipoma occurs with equal frequency in men and women, but greater fat and fat people are inclined to lipomas.
ATHEROMA is a benign tumor, which appears under the skin with clogged sebaceous glands. Atheroma is a capsule with liquid, which is beneath the skin. To find is very easy: by smell. Since the sebaceous gland excretory duct is clogged, a substance which produces it, accumulates in the capsule of atheroma. The product of the sebaceous glands is of somewhat peculiar smell, but it is not felt in everyday life, if a person regularly takes a shower. Skin atheroma can appear anywhere on the body where hair grows. Most often atheroma appears on the head, namely atheroma of scalp. It is easily enough to notice: atheroma reaches the size of a pea, and sometimes of an egg. Removal of it is mandatory.
Most often, we try not to notice growths, assuring ourselves that it is natural age-related change or natural manifestation of work of the body. Subconsciously, we hope that over time, they will "go away." But if subcutaneous lump increases in size, it is not necessary to wait or waste time trying to put a diagnosis on its own, the best thing in this situation is to see a doctor. According to statistics, most tumors are benign – they can be removed quickly and painlessly.
What diseases require consultation by surgeon?
A consultation by surgeon is required in case of the following diseases:
- gallbladder polyps;
- chronic calculous cholecystitis;
- polyps of bladder, urethra;
- hernia (inguinal, umbilical, femoral, midline);
- thyroid gland pathology – Basedow’s disease, thyrotoxic goiter;
- gynecomastia (true, false);
- prostate adenoma.
Surgical treatment of gallstone disease
Gallstone disease is characterized by formation of stones in the gallbladder due to biliary retention in the organ and changes in its composition. The disease is asymptomatic as long as the stones do not obstruct the bile outflow of and damage the walls of the gallbladder, provoking its inflammation (calculous cholecystitis). The only effective method of treating gallstone diseases is operation to remove the organ, since it no longer performs its function.
In addition, affected by inflammatory processes in the gallbladder, polyps - tumors prone to malignant transformation - can develop. Surgical treatment of gallbladder polyps often leads to relapses, therefore, in this case, removal of the organ is also indicated - cholecystectomy. The operation is performed through 4 small punctures in the abdominal skin. The benefits of this minimally invasive surgery technique are low risk of postoperative complications, absence of scars and a short recovery period.
Surgical methods of hernia treatment
Hernia is a bulge of internal organs in the abdominal cavity under the skin through an area of a stretched or weakened abdominal wall. Typical manifestations of hernia include the appearance of a lump on the body that looks like a tumor, as well as abdominal pain or groin when coughing, exercising or straining effort. Hernia appears due to increased intra-abdominal pressure (as a result of heavy lifting, prolonged coughing, straining when visiting the toilet) and stretching of the abdominal muscles. In women, difficult labor can provoke the development of midline hernia.
To diagnose hernia, an external examination with palpation or ultrasound is sufficient. Hernia treatment is exclusively surgical. There are two types of hernia surgery (hernioplasty) - upfront and laparoscopic. During upfront surgery, a doctor makes a small incision in the area of hernia, sets the organs in place and closes the peritoneal defect with a mesh implant preventing the recurrence of disease. During laparoscopic hernioplasty, a surgeon performs the same manipulations through several punctures in the omphalus area.
Surgical methods of thyroid gland treatment
Diseases of the thyroid gland lead to the whole body dysfunctioning. The main symptoms of thyroid pathologies are constant fatigue, difficulty concentrating, hair loss, lump in throat feeling, and unreasonable weight fluctuations.
Autoimmune diseases of thyroid gland at the initial stage are latent. Signs of pathology appear and intensify as the organ is destroyed by a person’s own immune cells. In case of suffer from hyperthyroidism, excessive sweating, hot flashes, weight loss with increased appetite, irritability, menstrual irregularities, and infertility are noted.
To diagnose the thyroid gland, a test for hormones (TSH, T4, T3) and ultrasound of organ are referred. If thyroid medication is ineffective, surgical treatment is indicated. Surgery for the thyroid gland removal (thyroidectomy) can be complete or partial. Partial removal of thyroid gland is indicated for diffuse toxic goiter with areas of healthy tissue. Complete thyroidectomy is performed for thyroid cancer when radioactive iodine therapy is ineffective.
Surgical treatment of fibroma
Fibroma is a benign tumor growing out from connective tissue cells. Fibromata are single and multiple. Benign soft tissue tumors appear anywhere on the body. The main symptom of fibroma is the presence of a lump under the skin (up to 15 mm in diameter). Soft fibromata resemble a wrinkled brown pouch attached to the skin with a thin stem.
Fibroma treatment is carried out only by surgery. Neoplasm is removed during open surgery. After anesthesia, a surgeon makes a small incision in the skin, removes tumor and puts a cosmetic suture. After removal of fibroma by surgery, a patient is discharged home on the same day.
Surgical treatment of true and false gynecomastia
True gynecomastia (accrementition of breast tissue in men) develops due to hormonal imbalance and other unfavorable factors. With false gynecomastia, increase in breast volume occurs due to the accumulation of subcutaneous fat.
The main symptoms of true gynecomastia include enlargement of one or both breasts, a feeling of fullness, heaviness, or pain in the chest. The development of disease is also indicated by the presence of lumps in mammary gland and discharge from the nipples.
The optimal treatment of gynecomastia in men is surgical intervention, since drug therapy is effective not in all cases and has its own side effects and contraindications. During minimally invasive surgery, a surgeon removes excess tissue through a small incision in the nipple area and then puts cosmetic suture. The patient is transferred to the ward where he/she stays under medical supervision from several hours to a day. 2-3 weeks after the operation, a tightening bandage is indicated.
If you need surgical treatment of a disease, make an appointment with a surgeon at the medical center “ON Clinic”. Leave a request on the website or call the specified phone number. Our operators will answer all your questions.