The outcome of varicose disease may be disability. Therefore, at the first signs of the disease, Phlebologist consultation is necessary.
What is Phlebology?
Phlebology - the science of the human venous system structure. This is a section of vascular surgery that deals with the study of diseases of the veins, as well as methods for their diagnosis and treatment. The vast majority of diseases are concentrated in the lower extremities, where the vessels are the longest. A Phlebologist can treat congenital or acquired diseases of the venous vessels.
Diseases of the veins and blood vessels
Venous pathologies appear by varicose veins of the lower extremities, thrombophlebitis, trophic ulcers. These diseases are interrelated, since varicose veins disrupt and slows down the blood flow, and this leads to inflammation of the venous wall and the formation of blood clots, impaired trophism of tissues and ulcers.
Diseases of veins have characteristic signs by which it is easy to determine the presence of the disease:
- red-purple vascular streaks appear on the skin of the legs;
- in the course of the flow of the veins, in some areas noticeable protrusion;
- pain is observed in the affected area;
- the skin at the site of thrombosis becomes swollen and shiny;
- during the day legs tired quickly;
- convulsions appear at night.
Varicose veins do not go away by their own, it need to be treated.
If left it untreated, the disease will progress and can lead to serious consequences, such as:
- trophic ulcers;
- deep vein thrombosis;
- pulmonary vein thromboembolism (PVTE).
How are vein and vascular diseases treated?
In the international medical center ON Clinic, progressive methods of treatment of the varicose veins, thrombophlebitis, chronic venous insufficiency, spider veins, phlebopathy are applied. Certified techniques afford treatment without traumatic operations with dissection of tissues.
Diagnosis of the disease forsee Doppler ultrasound (duplex scanning) of vessels with color mapping of blood flow. In-depth analysis of the patient's veins and consultation with doctors of related specialties allow us to establish an accurate diagnosis. Based on the received information, the phlebologist make a decision on the method and tactics of treatment.
Treatment depends on the stage of the disease. If the patient asked for help at the initial stage of the disease, a conservative treatment using compression hosiery and medication will be sufficient. Drug therapy is the use of phlebotonics, anti-thrombosis medicines, anticoagulants, non-steroid medicines.
In the later stages of the disease, minimally invasive vascular surgery techniques are used:
- radiofrequency treatment
These modern methods of treating varicose veins are effective and surpass surgical intervention in many ways. The treatment is outpatient, the procedures do not require anesthesia and do not leave scars on the skin. Venous outflow in the veins after sclerotherapy or radiofrequency coagulation is normalized, the heaviness in the legs disappears, and patient's quality of life is restored.
Early treatment of varicose veins always gives good clinical results and can prevent the development of complications. The reason for contacting a phlebologist should be the first symptoms of venous disorders, inherited predisposition. At risk group are also diabetic patients and women in the period of hormonal changes, when the tone of the veins weakens. Consultation of a phlebologist is obligatory at the stage of pregnancy planning.
Vein disease is easier to prevent than to engage in their long-term treatment. For the purpose of prophylaxis, ON Clinic invites the population to annual medical examinations.