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Pediatric urology

Pediatric urology is a branch of medicine that specializes in diagnostics, treatment and prevention of diseases of the urogenital system in children (urethra, ureters, bladder and kidneys).

According to WHO statistics, congenital anomalies of the structure and functioning of this organ system are observed in 30% of newborns. Timely detection and therapy can effectively eliminate urological pathology and prevent its complications.

Urologists of the children’s clinic of the medical center “ON Clinic” have extensive experience in determining the pathologies of the urogenital tract of children and the selection of the most effective method to treat them. In addition to an individual course of therapy, parents are given the scheme of preventive measures to restore and preserve the health of the child’s body.

What is pediatric urology?

The reasons for the development of disorders in the work of the urinary system can be both congenital anomalies (hydronephrosis, cryptorchidism, vesicoureteral reflux, etc.) and pathogenic microorganisms (urethritis, cystitis, etc.). The diseases are often caused by existing diseases (inflammation or parasites in the reproductive system, gastrointestinal diseases, etc.).

A doctor who specializes in the diagnostics and treatment of diseases of the urinary system of a child is a pediatric urologist.

The most common diseases in pediatric urology are:

  • inflammatory and neurogenic disorders of the bladder (cystitis, enuresis, etc.);
  • urinary tract infections;
  • anomalies of the external genital organs in boys (hypospadias, epididymis cyst, etc.);
  • congenital malformations of the upper and lower urinary organs;
  • adrenal pathology, etc.

Also in the competence of the pediatric urologist includes pathologies of the foreskin in boys: phimosis, paraphimosis, inflammation, and others.

According to the WHO, in early childhood (under 3 years of age) in more than 5% of children, infectious diseases of the urogenital tract in a chronic form are observed, which is associated with mild clinical symptoms at an early stage of the pathology.

Symptoms indicating disorders of the urinary system, are the following:

  • change in urine characteristics (color, quantity, presence of impurities);
  • pain and burning in the groin;
  • urinary incontinence;
  • redness and swelling of the external genital organs;
  • intoxication (weakness, irritability, loss of appetite, etc.), etc.

We recommend to appoint for a consultation with a pediatric urologist when the first signs of impairment occur, since early detection enables to eliminate the pathology as efficiently as possible.

How is the examination by the pediatric urologist performed?

The examination by the pediatric urologist does not require special training. At the visit, the doctor analyzes the complaints and conducts an urological examination (palpation of the abdomen and kidneys, examination of the external genital organs, etc.). If necessary, additional methods of examination (urinalysis and blood tests, urine culture, ultrasound of the kidneys, etc.) and consultations of allied pediatric specialists (pediatrician, nephrologist or gynecologist) are prescribed.

Routine preventive examination by the pediatric urologist is required to be carried at the age of under 1 year and at the age of 3 years of a child, starting from the age of 14, a visit to this doctor becomes annual.

Appointment to the pediatric urologist of the Medical Center “ON Clinic” is made by filling out the application on the clinic’s website or calling the specified telephone numbers.

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