At the consultation, the infectious disease specialist asks about the symptoms: when and in what order did they arise, what they could be associated with, for example, leaving for tropical countries, prolonged contact with a sick person or taking unwashed vegetables and fruits, how often vomiting occurs per day and what kind of bowel movement a patient has.
Then the doctor conducts physical examination: evaluates the skin condition, listens to the lungs and heart. To make a diagnosis, he refers a patient to do tests: blood, urine and feces, polymerase chain reaction, culture, parasitological study or enzyme immunoassay. These methods help the doctor determine the cause of the disease and prescribe treatment.
What does an infectious disease specialist treat?
The specialist of the Department of infectious diseases at “ОN Clinic” treats infectious diseases, concomitant pathologies and complications:
- Lyme disease;
- hepatitis A, B, C, G;
- dysentery (shigellosis);
- infectious mononucleosis;
- herpesvirus infections;
- measles and rubella;
- hepatic fibrosis and cirrhosis;
We also consult patients at the medical center who have recently been bitten by a tick. We only accept adults. An infectious disease specialist does not accept pregnant women, as you need to consult a doctor manages the pregnant. In addition, if a patient has multiple vomiting and bowel movement at the time of treatment, an ambulance should be called.
What infectious diseases are there?
Infectious diseases are classified according to the type of infection:
- viral: hepatitis A, B, C, and G, measles and rubella, tinea, herpes, infectious mononucleosis;
- bacterial: Lyme disease, dysentery (shigellosis), salmonellosis;
- protozoa and parasitic: helminthiases, giardiasis, toxoplasmosis.
Some diseases are non-infectious though arise as a result of damage to an organ by a virus or bacterium. For example, hepatic fibrosis and cirrhosis can occur due to chronic viral hepatitis B and С.
Are infectious diseases contagious?
Infectious diseases are contagious. They can be transmitted in various ways:
- airborne - coughing, sneezing. In this way, the human herpes simplex virus, measles and rubella are transmitted;
- contact - handshake, hugs, sex. You can also get infected using household appliances, dishes, kitchen utensils, hygiene items, toys and clothes that a sick person used. Helminthiases, herpes simplex virus are transmitted by contact;
- transmissible - infection occurs due to human contact with insects and ticks. This is how dysentery (shigellosis) is transmitted spread by cockroaches;
- fecal-oral - drinking contaminated water, vegetables and fruits. Unwashed hands facilitate transmission. Most often, parasitic diseases are transmitted in this way;
- transplacental - intrauterine transmission when the infection is transmitted from mother to fetus. So one can get infected with viral hepatitis and toxoplasmosis;
- blood-borne - infection occurs as a result of contact with the blood of an infected person. Hepatitis is transmitted by blood contact, for example, through blood transfusion.
Being aware of the transmission modes, you can protect yourself and take preventive measures. For example, viral hepatitis B is sexually transmitted. The disease can be avoided by using a condom. Some infectious diseases can be prevented by vaccinations, such as measles and rubella. Most parasitic and protozoan infections are transmitted by contact, airborne droplets and fecal-oral routes. To prevent the infection from being transmitted by these routes, you need to remove dust constantly from the surfaces, wash hands with soap, carry out heat treatment of meat and dairy products.
If you or your loved one have symptoms of infectious disease, make an appointment with a doctor by phone number or leave online application on the medical center website.