What are the types of heart disease?
Cardiovascular diseases is a group of diseases of heart and blood vessels. Heart diseases include:
- diseases of brain vessels and peripheral vessels;
- hypertension (high blood pressure);
- myocardial infarction;
- ischemic heart disease;
- heart disease (congenital and acquired);
- rheumatic heart disease;
- angina pectoris;
- chronic cardiac insufficiency.
What doctor specializes in heart diseases?
Clinical cardiology deals with the conservative (non-surgical, medical) treatment of heart diseases. A cardiologist specializes in the field of cardiovascular system diseases. Timely referral to a cardiologist makes it possible to prevent the development and complication of cardiovascular system diseases, which may include fatal heart diseases.
Visit to a cardiologist at the Cardiology Department of the medical center “ON Clinic” is quick and comfortable. The doctor examines and interviews a patient. Depending on the patient's state of health and the history of his/her illness, a cardiologist refers to some tests.
Treatment of heart diseases takes place under the supervision of a cardiologist until the patient is fully recovered. Then cardiologist develops an individual set of measures aimed at preventing heart diseases in the future.
Main signs and first symptoms of heart diseases
Heart diseases can be asymptomatic for a long time. The first signs of heart disease are fatigue, shortness of breath with minor physical exertion, and cold extremities.
The main symptoms of heart diseases include:
- pallor of the skin;
- pains in the chest area (including prolonged aching pain in the heart, stabbing pain in the chest), interscapular region;
- headaches, dizziness;
- changes in blood pressure;
- heartbeat disorders (frequent, rare, irregular pulse);
- sleep disturbances;
- shortness of breath;
- undue fatigability;
- visual deterioration.
How is a visit to a cardiologist going?
Consultation by a cardiologist, like any doctor, includes examination and interviewing of a patient. If necessary, a doctor may refer to additional tests. Methods for heart diagnosing include: electrocardiogram (ECG), Holter ECG monitoring, echocardiography (heart ultrasound), ultrasound of cervical vessels. In addition, lab tests (biochemical blood tests, genetic tests).
After diagnosing, a cardiologist develops an individual treatment regimen for a patient. The therapy course is monitored by a doctor until complete recovery. After recovery, a cardiologist gives recommendations on diet and lifestyle correction to prevent the development of cardiovascular diseases.
Prevention of heart diseases
To avoid the appearance of cardiovascular diseases and prevent the transition of diseases that have already appeared into a chronic form, it is necessary to start their prevention in time. There are two types of measures aimed at preventing heart diseases: general (for all people) and individual (depending on the characteristics of a patient's body).
General measures to prevent cardiovascular disease include:
- diet optimization;
- quitting bad habits (smoking, drinking alcohol);
- regular preventive examinations by a cardiologist;
- decrease in emotional stress;
- compliance with working conditions and recreation;
- regular diagnostics of the cardiovascular system;
- increased physical activity (doing sports, walking in the fresh air).
To make an appointment with a cardiologist at the medical center “ON Clinic”, call the phone numbers indicated on the website or fill out the online registration form. Our administrators will choose the most convenient time for you to visit the doctor. You can make an appointment around the clock.